Prairiefire: The Illinois Country Before 1818
In 1673, the French explorers Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet became the first Europeans to visit the land that came to be called the Illinois Country. In the succeeding century Europeans and Native Americans lived together there in a state of uneasy coexistence. The Illinois Country became a part of the United States' Northwest Territory in 1787, and native Americans fought a series of bloody wars in an unsuccessful attempt to stem the tide of white settlement. In 1818, Illinois became the twenty-first state, and by 1832, authorities had pushed the last Native Americans Beyond its borders.
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Primary source materials featured on the site are derived from the collections of Northern Illinois University Library, The Schingoethe Center for Native American Cultures at Aurora University, Illinois State University Library, Illinois State Library, The Newberry Library, The University of Chicago Library, and the St. Louis Mercantile Library at the University of Missouri, St. Louis.
Funding for Prairiefire: The Illinois Country Before 1818 was provided in part by the Illinois State Library, the Ruth Tankersley McCormick Charitable Trust, and the Illinois Board of Higher Education.